Archive for the ‘amebiasis’ Tag

What are the Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTD)?   Leave a comment

Group of poverty-promoting chronic infectious diseases, primarily occur in rural areas and poor areas of low-income and middle-income countries (PLoS)

  • with impact on child health and development, pregnancy, and worker productivity
  • as well as stigmatising features
  • excludes the “big three” of tropical diseases (malaria, tuberculosis, HIV)

List of NTDs according to PLoS (Public Library of Science):
* (diseases marked * are on WHO NTD list)
(diseases marked † are on the WHO Neglected Zoonotic Diseases list)

  1. Protozoan infections
    • amebiasis
    • balantidiasis
    • Chagas disease (American trypanosomiasis)*
    • giardiasis
    • human African trypanosomiasis*
    • leishmaniasis*
  2. Helminth infections
    • taeniasis – cysticercosis
    • dracunculiasis (guinea-worm disease)*
    • echinococcosis
    • food-borne trematodiasis
    • loiasis
    • lymphatic filariasis*
    • onchocerciasis*
    • schistosomiasis*
    • soil-transmitted helminthiases (ascariasis, hookworms, trichuriasis, strongyloides)*
    • toxocariasis and other larva migrans
  3. Viral infections
    • dengue fever*
    • Japanese encephalitis
    • jungle yellow fever
    • other arboviral infections
    • rabies
    • Rift Valley fever
    • viral haemorrhagic fevers
  4. Bacterial infections
    • bartonella
    • bovine tuberculosis in humans
    • Buruli ulcer*
    • cholera
    • enteric pathogens (Shigella, Salmonella, E. coli)
    • leprosy*
    • leptospirosis
    • relapsing fever
    • trachoma*
    • treponematoses (bejel, pinta, syphilis, yaws*)
  5. Fungal infections
    • mycetoma
    • paracoccidiomycosis
  6. Ectoparasitic infections
    • scabies
    • myiasis
  7. Others not in PLoS list
    • fascioliasis*
    • snakebite*
    • anthrax
    • animal influenza
    • BSE (bovine spongiform encephalopathy)
    • brucellosis
    • foodborne zoonoses
    • prion diseases
    • tularaemia
    • variant CJD (Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease)

 

Ref:

  1. WHO: Diseases covered by NTD Department. Available on:
    http://www.who.int/neglected_diseases/diseases/en/ (accessed 18 Aug 2010)

  2. PLoS: Neglected Tropical Diseases. Available on:
    http://www.plosntds.org/static/scope.action (accessed 18 Aug 2010)